The Political Economy of Entrepreneurship: An Introduction

Särtryck nr 2008:8

Författare: Robin Douhan och Magnus HenreksonÅr: 2008 Publikation: The Political Economy of Entrepreneurship. Vol. I and II. The International Library of Entrepreneurship 11 Redaktör: Magnus Henrekson och Robin DouhanFörlag: Edward ElgarFörlagsort: Cheltenham, UK och Northampton, MA Sidor: xi–xxxi

In this introduction to a collection dealing with the political economy of entrepreneurship, we argue, based on a suggested unifying framework, that political economy is a fruitful approach to entrepreneurship. The importance of institutions in structuring such an analysis is also emphasized. The introduction also introduces the selected articles and puts them in context. Vital functions of the capitalist economy are ascribed to the productive entrepreneur, but the selected articles also show that the social value of entrepreneurship must be evaluated as it is realized. Three facets of entrepreneurship are claimed to be of particular importance from a political economy perspective:

(i) Entrepreneurship is dynamic in the sense that it adapts to the politically determined institutional framework within which it acts. Under propitious circumstances, it can be a powerful engine of growth, but it can also be channelled in unproductive and destructive directions.
(ii) Entrepreneurship enters directly into the political system. The close connection to property rights constitutes a link between entrepreneurship and private versus public ownership and redistribution. Under unfavourable institutional circumstances, rent-seeking and predatory entrepreneurship, via the political system, offer greater profit opportunities than the market.
(iii) A political economy approach is necessary in order to understand how the political system shapes the institutional set-up. Here, it is emphasized that the distribution of political power is partly determined by economic wealth. Hence, it is relevant to broaden the analysis to the effects on wealth creation and wealth redistribution stemming from entrepreneurial activity.

Douhan, Robin och Magnus Henrekson (2008), "The Political Economy of Entrepreneurship: An Introduction". Sid. xi–xxxi i Magnus Henrekson och Robin Douhan, red., The Political Economy of Entrepreneurship. Vol. I and II. The International Library of Entrepreneurship 11. Cheltenham, UK och Northampton, MA: Edward Elgar.

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