It is well established within both the economics and power system engineering literature that hydropower can act as a complement to large amounts of intermittent energy. In particular hydropower can act as a “battery” where large amounts of wind power are installed. In this paper I use simple distributed lag models with data from Denmark and Norway. I ﬁnd that increased wind power in Denmark causes increased marginal exports to Norway and that this effect is larger during periods of net exports when it is difﬁcult to displace local production. Increased wind power can also be shown to slightly reduce prices in southern Norway in the short-run. Finally, I estimate that as much as 40 percent of wind power produced in Denmark is stored in Norwegian hydropower magazines.
Dead Battery? Wind Power, the Spot Market, and Hydropower Interaction in the Nordic Electricity Market
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