Denna webbplats lagrar cookies i begränsad omfattning. Genom att besöka sidan, godkänner du villkoren i vår integritetspolicy. Läs mer

Experimental Economics

The impact of stress on tournament entry

Vetenskaplig artikel på engelska
Referens
Buser, Thomas, Anna Dreber och Johanna Möllerström (2017). ”The impact of stress on tournament entry”. Experimental Economics 20(2), 506–530. doi.org/10.1007/s10683-016-9496-x

Författare
Thomas Buser, Anna Dreber, Johanna Möllerström

Individual willingness to enter competitive environments predicts career choices and labor market outcomes. Meanwhile, many people experience competitive contexts as stressful. We use two laboratory experiments to investigate whether factors related to stress can help explain individual differences in tournament entry. Experiment 1 studies whether stress responses (measured as salivary cortisol) to taking part in a mandatory tournament predict individual willingness to participate in a voluntary tournament. We find that competing increases stress levels. This cortisol response does not predict tournament entry for men but is positively and significantly correlated with choosing to enter the tournament for women. In Experiment 2, we exogenously induce physiological stress using the cold-pressor task. We find a positive causal effect of stress on tournament entry for women but no effect for men. Finally, we show that although the effect of stress on tournament entry differs between the genders, stress reactions cannot explain the well-documented gender difference in willingness to compete.