Working Paper No. 591

Car Age, Taxation, Scrappage Premiums and the ELV Directive

Publicerad: February 10, 2003Antal sidor: 35Nyckelord: Taxes; Automobiles; Accelerated Vehicle Retirement Programs; Scrappage; ELV DirectiveJEL-koder: H29; L62; Q48

Car Age, Taxation, Scrappage Premiums and the ELV Directive F. Mikael Sandström


A "chain of replacement" model is used to examine the effects of automobile taxes and of a scrappage premium on the life length of cars, and on the size of the car fleet. The predictions of the model are tested on data on the scrappage of cars in Sweden 1989-2002. The theoretical model predicts that increased taxes on the purchase of cars should increase the life length of cars, and reduce the number of cars. A scrappage premium would have the opposite effects. Changes in periodic taxes would have no effects on the life length of automobiles, but would reduce the size of the car stock. The econometric analysis indicates, however, that the effects both on the life-length of cars, and on the size of the car parc are small. On the basis of the conclusions from the theoretical and the empirical analysis, the possible implications of the European Union's Directive 2000/53/EC on end-of life vehicles (ELV) are discussed.

 

Glädjeparadoxen

Historien om skolans uppgång, fall och möjliga upprättelse

Glädjeparadoxen.gif

Den här boken, författad av Gabriel Heller Sahlgren och Nima Sanadaji, spårar rötterna till den svenska skolans problem via en djupdykning i forskning och modern historia. På 1800-talet slog den progressiva utbildningsfilosofin igenom, med fokus på glädje, elevdemokrati och elevledd undervisning. Problemet var bara att den nya pedagogiken inte fungerade som det var tänkt. Forskningen tyder inte på att elever lär sig mer när de har roligt.

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