Working Paper No. 616

Location of R&D and High-Tech Production by Vertically Integrated Multinationals

Publicerad: April 6, 2004Antal sidor: 48Nyckelord: Monopolistic Competition; R&D; High-Tech Production; Agglomeration Economies JEL-koder: F12; F23

Location of R&D and High-Tech Production by Vertically Integrated Multinationals Karolina Ekholm and Katariina Hakkala


This paper presents evidence that, in Europe, production of high-tech goods is attracted to large markets, while R&D activities tend to be located away from them. In order to explain this phenomenon, we develop a two-country general equilibrium model where firms make separate choices about the location of R&D and high-tech production. There are two agglomeration forces: R&D spillovers and a home-market effect creating incentives for firms to locate production in the relatively large market. We show that, for relatively weak R&D spillovers and intermediate trade costs, the smaller economy tends to specialize in R&D. We also discuss the welfare consequences of different outcomes with respect to the location of R&D, showing that while skilled labor may gain from hosting an agglomeration of R&D activities, unskilled labor will lose.

 

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Den här boken, författad av Gabriel Heller Sahlgren och Nima Sanadaji, spårar rötterna till den svenska skolans problem via en djupdykning i forskning och modern historia. På 1800-talet slog den progressiva utbildningsfilosofin igenom, med fokus på glädje, elevdemokrati och elevledd undervisning. Problemet var bara att den nya pedagogiken inte fungerade som det var tänkt. Forskningen tyder inte på att elever lär sig mer när de har roligt.

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