In a new book – Universitetsreform! – så kan vi rädda och lyfta den högre utbildningen (University Reform! How to Save and Boost Higher Education) – six professors and authors, among other things, highlight the fact that the perception of study discipline and knowledge has changed in recent decades. This book presents several concrete reform proposals. The authors suggest, for example, that grades should be set by external examiners, and that the grading system should be standardized across the country. ”We need a system through which universities can be ranked and institutions of higher education can be compared,” said Patrik Engellau, Den Nya Välfärden, when he opened the seminar.
Private companies should be tested and then given permission to start operations in the welfare sector, explained the special investigator Christina Eriksson Stephanson when she presented the Ownership Assessment Inquiry's (ägarprövningsutredningen) results. Stephanson presented her conclusions at a seminar organized by the SNS as part of IFN and SNS’ joint research program, From Welfare State to a Welfare Society. Patrik Attemark, CEO Solhagagruppen, Johan Fredriksson, president and CEO Praktikertjänst and Ulla Hamilton, acting CEO National Association of Independent Schools also participated in the ensuing discussion.
Olle Folke, Columbia University and IFN affiliate, Torsten Persson, Stockholm University, and Johanna Rickne, IFN, have been awarded the Myrdal Prize 2014 (in memory of Professor Gunnar Myrdal), for their article "Personröster och politisk makt” (Preference voting and political power) published in Ekonomisk Debatt No. 1, 2014.
In the New York Times Professor Tyler Cowen writes about research by Niclas Berggren and Therese Nilsson, IFN, in which they have studied tolerance. "One of their most striking findings is that societies characterized by greater economic freedom and greater wealth do indeed exhibit greater tolerance toward gay people, a tendency suggesting that gay rights, including gay marriage, will spread globally as national economies liberalize and develop."
Professor Christian Bjørnskov, Aarhus University in Denmark, is a new affiliated researcher at IFN. He is part of the Economics of Institutions and Culture research program. His research focuses on social trust, happiness, development aid and institutions. Researchers within said IFN-program study how moral values and attitudes influence human behavior and, thereby, the way the economy functions. They also focus on how the economy in turn influences morality, norms and social attitudes.
In 2014 IFN celebrated its 75th anniversary. The milestone was commemorated on November 17, with the presentation of three new books about the Institute and its research. At the same event a short film about IFN was presented. Click on the holiday gift to see the movie.
A brand new working paper published by Magnus Henrekson and Tino Sanandaji, IFN, is the subject of a blogpost written by James Pethokoukis on the American Entreprise Institute's website. The IFN-researchers argue that the overwhelming majority of self-employed individuals are not entrepreneurial in the Schumpeterian sense. "Europe has a higher self-employment rate than the United States and East Asia. At the same time, Europe has a lower entrepreneurship rate than competitive regions. Europe underperforms in entrepreneurship despite having advantages such as a skilled labour force, good infrastructure, large markets, and strong performance in technological innovation," Henrekson and Sanandaji assert.
Shaker Zahra, Professor at the Carlson School of Management at University of Minnesota, USA, received the Global Award for Entrepreneurship Research 2014 on Wednesday. This Prize has been awarded annually since 1996 with a prize sum of EUR 100,000. Shaker Zahra is best known for his work on "the role of corporate entrepreneurship in knowledge creation, absorption, and conversion". In his prize lecture he explained the importance of hubs or informal networks to promote entrepreneurship in existing companies.