In New York Times Professor Tyler Cowen writes about research by Niclas Berggren and Therese Nilsson, both IFN: "One of their most striking findings is that societies characterized by greater economic freedom and greater wealth do indeed exhibit greater tolerance toward gay people, a tendency suggesting that gay rights, including gay marriage, will spread globally as national economies liberalize and develop."
Professor Christian Bjørnskov, Aarhus University in Denmark, is a new affiliated researcher at IFN. He is part of the Economics of Institutions and Culture research program. His research focuses on social trust, happiness, development aid and institutions. Researchers within said IFN-program study how moral values and attitudes influence human behavior and, thereby, the way the economy functions. They also focus on how the economy in turn influences morality, norms and social attitudes.
In 2014 IFN celebrated its 75th anniversary. The milestone was commemorated on November 17, with the presentation of three new books about the Institute and its research. At the same event a short film about IFN was presented. Click on the holiday gift to see the movie.
A brand new working paper published by Magnus Henrekson and Tino Sanandaji, IFN, is the subject of a blogpost written by James Pethokoukis on the American Entreprise Institute's website. The IFN-researchers argue that the overwhelming majority of self-employed individuals are not entrepreneurial in the Schumpeterian sense. "Europe has a higher self-employment rate than the United States and East Asia. At the same time, Europe has a lower entrepreneurship rate than competitive regions. Europe underperforms in entrepreneurship despite having advantages such as a skilled labour force, good infrastructure, large markets, and strong performance in technological innovation," Henrekson and Sanandaji assert.
Shaker Zahra, Professor at the Carlson School of Management at University of Minnesota, USA, received the Global Award for Entrepreneurship Research 2014 on Wednesday. This Prize has been awarded annually since 1996 with a prize sum of EUR 100,000. Shaker Zahra is best known for his work on "the role of corporate entrepreneurship in knowledge creation, absorption, and conversion". In his prize lecture he explained the importance of hubs or informal networks to promote entrepreneurship in existing companies.
At a research seminar Michael Stenkula, IFN, presented the last component of the first systematic survey of the Swedish tax system – from 1862 to the present day. He showed how the Swedish tax system and its structure has been the subject of transformation and radical changes over the past 150 years. Tax structure and its impact on the economy were, for example, completely different 150 years ago. "1862 you paid one percent in national income tax. The proportion was gradually increased thereafter and temporary taxes [for example, those imposed during the two World Wars] became permanent in due time," explained Michael Stenkula.
The Social Democrats, the Green Party and the Left Party recently announced an agreement on "welfare without profit motive". A commission will submit proposals on how the revenue can be limited in firms producing publicly financed services, such as health care, education and elderly care. This was the topic of a speech by Ardalan Shekarabi, Minister for Public Administration, at a seminar organized by the SNS. Instead of profit vs non-profit in the welfare sector, he said, we should discuss how to implement "a control system that drives quality". Shekarabis talk was commented by Henrik Jordahl, IFN, Jonas Vlachos, Stockholm University and IFN, Thomas Berglund, Capio, and Lars Henriksson, Stockholm School of Economics.
IFN was founded in 1939 – then named Industrial Institute for Economic and Social Research (IUI). This vital 75 year old was celebrated on Monday with a seminar. Three new books about the institute were presented and a short film about IFN was shown for the first time. The event also included a stage discussion on how economic research has developed over the past 75 years. Participants in this dialogue included current and former researchers: Karolina Ekholm, State Secretary, Magnus Henrekson, Professor and Managing Director IFN, Assar Lindbeck, Professor IFN and Stockholm University, and Birgitta Swedenborg, former VP SNS.