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Journal of Business Venturing Insights

Gross, Net, and New Job Creation by Entrepreneurs

Journal Article
Åstebro, Thomas and Joacim Tåg (2017). “Gross, Net, and New Job Creation by Entrepreneurs”. Journal of Business Venturing Insights 8, 64–70.

Thomas Åstebro, Joacim Tåg

Using a dataset with over 24 million year-employment observations and the universe of more than 230,000 entries into entrepreneurship in one economy we analyze the gross (including the founders), net (excluding the founders), and new (jobs to the former unemployed or those outside the labor force) job creation by entrepreneurs two and six years after start-up. These novel measures of job creation show that the average entrepreneur does not create any jobs for any other than him/her-self, and typically arrives from having another job. Thus, short term job creation by entrepreneurs involves a reshuffling of jobs from older to new firms rather than creating new jobs.