To measure entrepreneurship
To analyze entrepreneurship, the phenomenon must first be defined and measured. Previous research has relied on self-employment or closely related measures to quantify entrepreneurship. But the vast majority of self-employed people are neither innovative nor growth-oriented. These are, for example, plumbers, taxi drivers, dentists and consultants, who differ markedly from contractors. In this project, we develop a number of measures with the aim of improving the measurability of the degree of innovative and growth-oriented entrepreneurship, sometimes referred to as Schumpeterian entrepreneurship. The project compares countries, geographical regions and companies from a self-employed and entrepreneurial perspective. We then intend to seek explanations for possible differences in the degree of Schumpeterian entrepreneurship stemming from differences in the institutional framework.