Admission to high school in Sweden is based on the ﬁnal grades from junior high. This article compares students’ ﬁnal mathematics grade with new data from a high school introductory test score in mathematics. Both the grades and the test are based on the same syllabus, but teachers enjoy great discretion when deciding grades. The results show a substantial grading diﬀerence, consistent with grading bias against boys.
Applied Economics Letters
Gender Grading Bias in Junior High School Mathematics
Scientific Article in English