Below you will find news that in one way or the other involves IFN and our research and/or researchers. For news in Swedish concerning Swedish activities, please visit our Swedish website.
Per Skedinger to study minimum wages for the European Commission
Awarded for research on the importance of geography for entrepreneurship
Özge Öner, IFN, and Cambridge University is awarded the Young Researcher Award 2019 (Unga forskarpriset 2019). She lectures on her research at a lunch seminar at the Swedish Entrepreneurship Forum on September 12. Öner is awarded for her research on 1) the geographical aspects of entrepreneurship (especially in the retail and tourism sectors), 2) entrepreneurship (mainly among foreign-born) and 3) the importance of local institutions for the business environment.
ESO-report about digitalization by IFN-researcher
A report about digitalization in health care by Mårten Blix, IFN, and Charlotta Levay, Lund University, was presented by the Expert Group on Public Economics (ESO) in Swedish in December 2018 and is now published in English. "New technology enables citizens to better monitor their health, take preventive measures, and, if necessary, take more control of their health situation" Blix and Levay argue. "Technology can thus enable more and better quality care, despite fewer physical care visits."
From IFN to doctoral studies in Berlin
In the summer of 2018, Hedda Nielsen started working as a research assistant at IFN. Now, a year later, she is leaving the institute to begin doctoral studies at the Berlin School of Economics & Humboldt University in Berlin. She explains that at IFN, she has gained insight into many different research areas and learned a lot about data processing.
First academic seminar of the fall
On Monday, the first academic brown bag seminar of the fall was held at IFN (research at an early stage). Johanna Möllerström, George Mason University in Washington DC and affiliate of IFN, presented the study "A Meritocratic Origin of Egalitarian Behavior." In experiments, the researchers have studied how people (in the US and Norway) believe that it is fair to redistribute income - depending on who is responsible for the best performance. And what does it mean when you do not know for sure whose performance is the best?
"I have learned a lot about data processing"
"It was great that my time as a summer assistant at IFN started with this year's Summer get-together," says Kajsa Rudal. This event involves almost all researchers and employees. "I immediately learned who was who," she explains. Kajsa says she learned a lot about data processing, which she will benefit greatly from in the future. And, she has had no dull and monotonous tasks. "IFN is a friendly workplace, " she explains.
IFN in the world of film
For a couple of years now, the Research Institute of Industrial Economics has been filming public activities organized by the Institute. By subscribing, you can see all the videos immediately when posted, which is usually later the same day that an event takes place. There are also videos explaining what the researchers are working on in the various research programs and interviews with, among others, Economist Assar Lindbeck about his long research career.
Does economists know better?
Assar Lindbeck, professor of economics at IFN and Stockholm University, talks in this about 10 minutes long video with Magnus Henrekson, professor and CEO of IFN. The questions he answers include: Whether economists can do better than others? And how come that his research deals with norms and incentives? Also, Assar Lindbeck tells us what was different about the famous Lindbeck Commission that he headed in the 1990s.
Research relevant for trade and industry
IFN is a private and independent foundation that researches questions that are of high relevance to Swedish business and industry. In today's knowledge-intensive and global competition, specialization is increasing, but also the need for broad societal perspectives. The researchers at IFN are united in their belief that methods of economics offer a powerful tool for understanding society.
The higher the trust, the more intrapreneurship
Niklas Elert and Mikael Stenkula, IFN, have studied how trust in society affects entrepreneurship among employees in existing companies, so-called intrapreneurship. They find that trust provides a higher degree of work autonomy in existing companies, which is a prerequisite for intrapreneurship to flourish. Trust also renders a more comprehensive welfare state. Because many benefits are often more advantageous to employees than to self-employed, it can lead to entrepreneurial individuals choosing to become intrapreneurs instead of independent entrepreneurs.
Research focus in panel discussions and presentations
Researchers from IFN were invited by external organizations to be part of numerous panels and presentations during “Almedalen”. This is an eight-day event in Visby on the Baltic island of Gotland. This annual event takes place at the beginning of July when politicians, opinion leaders, media, corporations, and interested Swedes come together and have the opportunity to attend thousands of seminars and numerous informal events.
Mobile ban in Swedish schools is not effective
French high school students have not, by law, been able to use their cell phones at school for a year. And, since 2007, Swedish teachers, according to the Education Act, have the right to "take care of objects that are used in a way that is disturbing in class." Under these circumstances, what would a total ban on mobile phones in our schools bring about, asked Björn Tyrefors and Dany Kessel, IFN, and Hulda Lif Hardardottir, Stockholm University, in a new study. They found that a statutory mobile ban in Swedish schools is a cheap but not generally effective reform.
A central part of the Swedish summer is the Midsummer celebration. IFN wishes all visitors to this site a happy midsummer and a pleasant summer.
Informal health expertise affects our health
On Wednesday, Petra Persson, Stanford University and affiliate to IFN, presented research showing that the likelihood is greater that people with access to informal health expertise, such as a doctor or a nurse in the family, will be 80 or older. At the seminar at SNS, Mårten Palme, Stockholm University, commented on the research based on his own studies on the connection between education and health. The main theme of the seminar was "how inequalities in health and lifespan can be reduced".
Nordic cooperation in developing new technology, is best for the climate
On Tuesday, the think tank Fores presented the report Climate Policies in the Nordic – Nordic Economic Policy Review 2019 (Nordic Council of Ministers), with Lars Calmfors, IFN, and John Hassler, Stockholm University, as editors. Together with a number of researchers, they have studied how the Nordic countries can best contribute to international climate policy. Calmfors and Hassler propose, among other things, that the Nordic countries should focus on "technology that can get widespread use globally and where the Nordic countries have special expertise. More Nordic cooperation in developing new technology of this type is likely to enhance the impact".
Avid debate on wage regulation
On Thursday, the new book Kollektivavtal och lönenormering i en ny tid (Dialogos 2019) was presented at a seminar in Stockholm. It is authored by Lars Calmfors, Simon Ek, Ann-Sofie Kolm, and Per Skedinger. They have studied and analyzed how the Swedish collective bargaining model can be reformed so that greater consideration is given to the lack of qualified labor, such as nurses, and the economy at large. During the seminar and occasionally intense debate, also participated Stefan Koskinen, Almega (Employers’ Organisation for the Swedish Service Sector), Marie Nilsson, Union IF Metall, and Annelie Söderberg, Vårdförbundet (Swedish Association of Health Professionals). Journalist Anna Danielsson Öberg moderated the seminar.
Nordic cooperation on industrial organization
A two-day conference on the industrial organization was held on 10-11 June in Stockholm by IFN, Stockholm School of Economics and Södertörn University. About 45 participants came to the workshop, which was the eleventh organized by Norio (Nordic Workshop on Industrial Organization), which is held every two years. The overall purpose of these workshops is to stimulate collaboration and knowledge exchange among Nordic researchers in the field.
New report on the integration of immigrants into the Nordic labor markets
Lars Calmfors, IFN, is the main author of a new report written for the Nordic Council of Ministers: Integrating immigrants into the Nordic Labour Markets: An Overall Perspective. The report was presented on Wednesday in Oslo. Per Skedinger, IFN, and Simon Ek, Uppsala University and affiliate to IFN, have written a chapter titled "Wage Policy”. The report shows that subsidized private employment is of most advantage, even for immigrants to, later on, get non-subsidized jobs, Lars Calmfors explained in Oslo. He stated that this kind of support is most common in Sweden of the Nordi9c states. He advised other countries to increase the use of this type of intervention.
Deep dive into knowledge - about education
On Tuesday, the book Glädjeparadoxen – historien om skolans uppgång, fall och möjliga upprättelse (The Happiness Paradox - the story of the school's rise, fall, and possible recovery) (Dialogos Förlag 2019) was presented at a seminar in Stockholm. One of the book's two authors, Gabriel Heller Sahlgren, London School of Economics and IFN, explained that we must take the conflict between joy and effective learning seriously. Magnus Henrekson, IFN, who initiated and closed the seminar, said that the education system we have today is a perfect recipe for increasing the inequality in society and if increased polarization is what we want, we can just continue to build on the current school system.
Boyan Jovanovic received the Global Award for Entrepreneurship Research
On Thursday, Boyan Jovanovic, this year's winner of the Global Award for Entrepreneurship Research, received his award at a ceremony at the Royal Swedish Academy of Engineering Sciences (IVA). The award was handed over by the Minister for Business, Industry and Innovation, Ibrahim Baylan, together with Jan-Olof Jacke, Director General of the Confederation of Swedish Enterprise. Read more about this year's winner on the website of the prize.