Latest publications


  •  Calmfors appointed to Norwegian labor market committee

    Calmfors appointed to Norwegian labor market committee


    Lars Calmfors, IFN, has been appointed by the Norwegian Government to to be part of an expert group to study the labor market. The chairman of the group is Professor Steinar Holden. "Compared with other Nordic countries, Norway has had a rather poor development in terms of employment rates," explains Lars Calmfors. Employment has fallen in recent years, especially among men and youth, explains the Norwegian government in a press release. "It is important that we get facts on the table and that experts review what we know about what works and does not work in the labor market," says Labor and Social Affairs Minister Anniken Hauglie.

  • Fostering breakthrough entrepreneurship

    Fostering breakthrough entrepreneurship


    At the end of last year an articles by Per Hjertstrand, Pehr-Johan Norbäck, Lars Persson, IFN, et al was published at Vox, CEPR's policy portal. The researchers have looked into the fact that most developed economies provide significant subsidies to small businesses. The reason being to encourage innovation. In the Vox-article the researchers argue that while subsidies to reduce entry costs may increase entrepreneurial entry, they can also lead to a reduction in the likelihood of ‘breakthrough’ inventions.

  • What matters for self-employment: Size or characteristics of ethnic enclaves?

    What matters for self-employment: Size or characteristics of ethnic enclaves?


    In a new working paper Martin Andersson (affiliated to IFN), Johan P Larsson and Özge Öner (IFN) have studied how self-employment among immigrants from the Middle East is influenced by residency in an ethnic enclave. The researchers show a robust tendency for people to leave non-employment for entrepreneurship if many members of the local diaspora are business owners. Immigrants appear to be significantly less stimulated by people that are not ethnic peers. Though, it appears that it is not the scale, but the quality of local ethnic enclaves that above all influence labor market outcomes for immigrants.


  • Happy Holidays!

    Happy Holidays!


    Every year IFN arranges a series of seminars open to the public. Topics for these are chosen from IFN's fields of research. During 2017, most of the seminars have been filmed, and four out of six seminars were in English. Having some free time during the holidays? If so, you might be interested in watching one of these recordings.

  • Examples we can learn from: The US, Canada, Great Britain and New Zealand!

    Examples we can learn from: The US, Canada, Great Britain and New Zealand!


    A second report on integration should probably also be written, said Andreas Bergh, IFN and Lund University, when commenting on the ESO report Inspiration for Integration, by Patrick Joyce, Ratio. The report compares integration policies in Sweden, Norway, Denmark, the Netherlands and Germany. Joyce stated that Germany is the country that has been most successful to integrate immigrants in the labor market, in the short and long term. But, Andreas Bergh said, it would have been better to discuss the labor market in Britain, the United States, Canada and New Zealand. He explained that these countries could better serve as sources of inspiration. Among other things, earned income tax credit can be an alternative to subsidies to employers to hire new arrivals.

  • Seminar in Brussels: EU has to open up to new ideas and new business

    Seminar in Brussels: EU has to open up to new ideas and new business


    Brussels | Magnus Henrekson, IFN, presented the report Institutional Reform for Innovation and Entrepreneurship: An Agenda for Europe (Project Fires) at a seminar hosted by the Permanent Representation of Sweden to the EU and jointly organized by the Confederation of Swedish Enterprise and IFN. The study calls for more productive entrepreneurship to improve the quality of life of EU citizens, and for the EU to enhance the competitiveness in the global marketplace. The panel agreed that the same recipe doesn't apply to all member states. Though, Gunnar Hökmark, MEP (M), argued that some things fit all member states, for example less regulation and more openness for competion.

  • Pär Holmberg on LSE blog about saving taxpayers billions of dollars

    Pär Holmberg on LSE blog about saving taxpayers billions of dollars


    A minor change in market trading rules could save taxpayers billions of dollars. This is the conclusion that Pär Holmberg, IFN, draws from his research in a blog post at LSE Business Review. Holmberg argues that when ties occur at low offer prices, higher priority should be given to sell orders with a large volume. "The cost to implement the new pro-competitive rule would be negligible compared to the savings, when the turnover is high" Holmberg writes.

  • Integration is a complex issue - everywhere

    Integration is a complex issue - everywhere


    Edward Lazear of Stanford University visited IFN on Wednesday and launched a public seminar. Lazear has studied immigration to the United States, as well as to Sweden, and found that the underlying mechanisms are much the same in both countries. He explained that the success of the new arrivals is more dependent on the rules set by the recipient country than the country from which new arrivals have come. If integration is defined as immigrants learning the language of the new country, those immigrants living in areas with many people from their old home country are integrated, into society as a whole, at a much lower rate.

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Research Fellow

Therese Nilsson

Research interests: Globalization: health and poverty, social norms and institutions; health shocks, and economic inequality and health.

Among the questions that Therese Nilsson tries to answer with his reserach:

  • What is the impact of economic and social globalization human health?
  • What are the effects of the introduction of free antenatal care?

IFN Newsletter

Newsletter 2-2017


Extended right to vote kick-started the economic development in Sweden

How important are political rules for economic growth? Recent research supports theories that changes in political institutions can be key determinants of economic institutions and growth. The authors examined the impact of Sweden’s 1862 suffrage reform, which extended the voting rights of industrialists. Using a unique data set they found that the reform was a key factor in Sweden’s growth miracle because it gave industrialists more political clout, kick-starting the process.

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Global Award

Research on entrepreneurship




The Global Award for Entrepreneurship Research is the foremost global award for research on entrepreneurship.This Prize is awarded annually with a prize sum of EUR 100,000.

IFN in cooperation with Entreprenörskapsforum and Vinnova are the principals of the award, in cooperation with the donor, Stockholms Köpmansklubb.

Hernando de Soto, President of the Institute for Liberty and Democracy (ILD), in Lima, Peru, is the winner of the Global Award for Entrepreneurship Research 2017. He will receive the award at a ceremony on May 15, 2016, in Stockholm.

An Agenda for Europe

Institutional Reform for Innovation and Entrepreneurship

Omslag 2017 Institutional Reform for Innovation and Entrepreneurship.jpg

The authors of this book, Niklas Elert, Magnus Henrekson and Mikael Stenkula, advise the economies of the European Union to become more entrepreneurial in promoting innovation and economic growth. The authors propose a reform strategy with respect to several aspects to achieve this goal.

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